What is the difference between a forward and reverse proxy server?

The forward proxy sends client requests to the Web server. Consumers can access forwarding proxies by browsing directly to the Web proxy address or configuring their Internet Settings.


1. Forward proxy can avoid firewalls and increase user privacy and security.


But it is sometimes used to download illegal material, such as copyrighted material or child pornography.


2. The reverse proxy is transparent to all resource requests on the target server without any action by the requester.


Using reverse proxy:


Enable indirect access when the site does not allow direct connection as a security measure.


Support load balancing between servers.


Delivers internal content to Internet users.


Block access to a site, say an ISP wants to block a site.


There are legitimate reasons why a website might not work properly. Reverse proxies can be used to prevent unethical, illegal, or copyrighted content. Sometimes these reasons are sound, but sometimes the reasons are questionable. Reverse proxies can sometimes prevent users from seeing leaked information from visiting news sites. They can also block access to sites that make public information about government or industry practices. Blocking access to these sites would violate the right to free speech.


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